Trends in Technology in Paleolithic Era

Published: 09th July 2008
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How can we define technology

The term technology is derived from the Greek word," Technologia" which means material objects, such as tools, crafts, machines, hardware, utensils etc. For inventing a newish model, technology needs some sort of environmental adaptations. For example, the people of ancient times would adopt the strategies of hunting and gathering by using the carving knife and shoves and blades etc. Today, we are going to discuss with you the technological trends of the Paleolithic technologies which are as follows.

Paleolithic (2.5 million - 10,000 BC)

Paleolithic or Old Stone Age is a term used to elucidate earliest period of human history. It emerged about two millions years ago. The tools of various categories were discovered by the early man. The early human beings came into being from a race of foraging hominids which were before now bipedal, with a brain mass more or less one third that of contemporary human beings. Tools employ hanged about quite unaffected for nearly all of early human history, but just about 50,000 years ago, a multifaceted set of conducts and tool employ came into view, believed by several archaeologists to get linked to the appearance of completely modern language.

Early human predecessors had been using stones ,gravels, pebbles, shingles, sand and other paraphernalia since long before the appearance of homo-sapiens nearly about 200,000 years ago. The most primitive techniques of stone tool making, recognized as the Oldowan " industry ", date back to at least 2.3 million years ago, with the initial undeviating proof of tool practice originated in Ethiopia, that was surrounded by the Great Rift Valley, dating back to 2.5 million years ago. This age of stone tool making is entitled as the "Paleolithic or Old Stone Age", and cross all of beings history up to the maturity of farming just about 12,000 years ago.

For making the stone tools, the artists of Paleolithic times would use a "Core" of durable stone with explicit peeling possessions, such as flint was smacked on with a hammer stone.

This cracking shaped satirical edging on the core stone over and above on the chips, either of which could be employed as paraphernalia, mainly in the shape of choppers and scrapers.

These tools to a great extent assisted the early humans in their hunting and gathering techniques that were consisted of massacring cadavers, chopping wood, cracking open nuts, crusting an animal for its bury, and even shaping other tools beyond softer equipments such as bone and wood.

The most common primitive stone tools were rudimentary, being little more than a splintered rock. Hand axes emerged as the sharpen tools during the era of Acheulian just about 1.65 million years ago. This tool was used in such a way that would have sharpened the hand axes.

More and more, we would see the prepared core stone techniques during the Middle Paleolithic era just about 300,000 years ago. On the other hand, we would see the pressure flaking during the era of Upper Paleolithic nearly about 40,000 years ago where you would see the emerging fillets, woods and antler punches that were used to form a stone very delicately.

1. Fire discovery

The discovery of fire was the turning point for the human history and its evolutionary process. The literal date of the discern of fire is not well-known but the proofs are come into observations on the cooked animals bones at the Cradle of Humankind that recommends the domestication of fire came about by 1000,000 BCE, intellectual consent signifies that Homo erectus had controlled fire by the period 500,000 BCE and 400,000 BCE. Fire was employed as a fuel for the woods and charcoal, permitted near the beginning human generations to cook their groceries to boost their digestibility.

2. Clothing and shelter

The other technological development during the era of Paleolithic is come to seen by the emergence of clothing and sheltering. Early humans were used to hunting and gathering in majority and there was no concept of clothing and sheltering except the hominids. But with the passage of time, the people of Paleolithic era would develop their techniques and traditions for clothing and shelter that was come into observations in the early 380,000 BCE. At that period, you would see the start of actual modern civilizations into various forms of activities, such as mainly the migration, art and craft.

The author writes articles on Tech News.

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